Howard Robard Hughes Jr. (December 24, 1905 – April 5, 1976)
Howard Hughes was born in Houston, Texas. Ever since he was young, Howard showed a keen interest in science and had proven talent in engineering. He pursued the field of science and studied at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena and later at the Rice Institute of Technology in Houston.
In 1922, in the middle of his education, Howard lost his mother. Shortly after, in 1924, Howard’s father also passed away. His father had invented an oil well drill bit that could penetrate hard rock. Being the only child, this left young Howard Hughes the owner of Hughes Tool Company and making his son one of the richest people in the world.
Under his direction, the company became a multibillion-dollar enterprise, the source of funds for ventures into the airlines and film industries, real estate, and hotels and finally gambling in Nevada. Finally, in 1972, Howard sold Hughes Tool Company and his share of the new public company was worth $150 million.
Howard Hughes In Las Vegas
Howard Hughes was often called a “Dashing Playboy” for his good looks and his ability to charm the ladies. Being in the movie and aviation industries in the 1940s and 1950s, Howard made plenty of trips from Hollywood over to Las Vegas to rub elbows with the famous characters and celebrities that haunted the Las Vegas nightlife.
In 1967, Howard purchased what is now called Spring Mountain Ranch, hoping to lure his wife and actress Jean Peters away from Hollywood. Promising that if she moved out to the desolate ranch, he would soon follow her. She never did and he never did as well.
They were married in 1957. They divorced in 1971 and in the total 14 years of their marriage, the spouses had spent more time apart than together.
Hughes’ Real Estate Ventures In Las Vegas
Hughes’s first investment near the Las Vegas strip was during the early 1950s. He bought around 40 square miles of land near Las Vegas from the BLM, trading 73,000 acres of desert land in five Northern Nevada counties for the federal parcel. It was known as “Husite” before being transformed into today’s Summerlin master-planned community. His idea at the time was to use the land for an aircraft manufacturing plant and supersonic jet airport. The name Summerlin is a reference to his grandmother, Jean Amelia Summerlin.
On November 24, 1966 (Thanksgiving Day), under the cover of darkness, Hughes arrived in Las Vegas by railroad car and moved into the Desert Inn. Taking over the top two floors of the Desert Inn resort. With the intention of just staying a few days. Three weeks later, the owners were wanting the Hughes entourage out of the hotel in order to prepare for the holiday rush in business. Instead, Howard Hughes bought the hotel and never left his ninth-floor penthouse suite for the next 5 years.
The hotel’s eighth floor became the nerve center of Hughes’ empire and the ninth-floor penthouse became his personal residence. Between 1966 and 1968, he bought several other hotel casinos, including the Castaways, New Frontier, the Landmark Hotel and Casino, and the Sands. He bought the small Silver Slipper casino in order to remove its trademark neon silver slipper; visible from Hughes’ bedroom. Apparently, the lights on the slipper kept him awake at night, as well as his fear there was a corporate or government spie hiding in the toe of the slipper who took pictures of his suite as it rotated! (Did we mention he was germaphobic and had a few other mental issues?)
In addition to his declining mental condition and obsession with germs, Hughes developed severe OCD which is suspected to be an effect of the injuries that he sustained during his crashes as a test pilot for his aviation company earlier in his life..
With this purchase, Hughes went into a buying spree of multiple properties on the Las Vegas strip. The real-estate investments included the North Las Vegas Airport, the local CBS Television station, mining claims, huge chunks of undeveloped lands, Harold’s club in Reno, as well as several Nevada ranches which amounted to nearly $300 million.
With the constant cheque writing and acquiring of lands, Hughes became Nevada’s largest employer and employed about 8,000 people on the Strip.
To say Howard Hughes changed the image of Las Vegas completely with his ventures and investments would be an understatement. With his corporate investments, He helped give the city a much-needed change in image,. One of corporate investment and help in eradicating the city’s links with the Mafia which gave it an unappealing image in the past.
He was concerned about the explosions at the Test Side which were near the Strip because he was worried that they would scare off the tourists. However, he never made any efforts into persuading the government into taking action.
Hughes had big plans for Las Vegas and envisioned it as the perfect metropolis state. He planned to make Las Vegas a place with clean air and water with a high-speed train of its own. Moreover, he was concerned about Lake Mead which is a source of drinking water for Las Vegas but was also the dump station for sewage.
Howard Hughes was a germophobe and a recluse who supposedly never left his penthouse at the Desert Inn. He was a chronic insomniac who stayed up all night watching movies on the television station he owned.
On Thanksgiving Eve 1970, Hughes was reportedly carried out of the Desert Inn on a stretcher, driven to Nellis Air Force Base in an unmarked van, and flown in his private jet to Resorts International’s Brittania Beach hotel in the Bahamas. Despite oning a huge chunk of real estatein Las Vegas, Hughes never went back to the city.
At the age of 70, in 1976, Hughes passed away in his state of birth in Houston, Texas.
A long battle of his estate started after his death as several versions of Hughes’s will were found. He had written several wills since he was 19 years old. Ultimately, some of his properties were distributed among his 22 cousins; some were donated to the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and some were donated to charity.
After Hughes left the Desert Inn, hotel employees discovered that his drapes had not been opened during the time he lived there and had rotted through.
Hughes wanted to change the image of Las Vegas to something more glamorous. He wrote in a memo to an aide, “I like to think of Las Vegas in terms of a well-dressed man in a dinner jacket and a beautifully jeweled and furred female getting out of an expensive car.” Hughes bought several local television stations (including KLAS-TV).
Hughes’ considerable business holdings were overseen by a small panel unofficially dubbed “The Mormon Mafia” because of the many Latter-day Saints on the committee, led by Frank William Gay. In addition to supervising day-to-day business operations and Hughes’ health, they also went to great pains to satisfy Hughes’ every whim. For example, Hughes once became fond of Baskin-Robbins’ banana nut ice cream, so his aides sought to secure a bulk shipment for him, only to discover that Baskin-Robbins had discontinued the flavor. They put in a request for the smallest amount the company could provide for a special order, 350 gallons (1,300 L), and had it shipped from Los Angeles. A few days after the order arrived, Hughes announced he was tired of banana nut and wanted only French vanilla ice cream.
As an owner of several major Las Vegas businesses, Hughes wielded much political and economic influence in Nevada and elsewhere. During the 1960s and early 1970s, he disapproved of underground nuclear testing at the Nevada Test Site. Hughes was concerned about the risk from residual nuclear radiation and attempted to halt the tests. When the tests finally went through despite Hughes’ efforts, the detonations were powerful enough that the entire hotel where he was staying trembled due to the shock waves. In two separate, last-ditch maneuvers, Hughes instructed his representatives to offer million-dollar bribes to both Presidents Lyndon B. Johnson and Richard Nixon.
Leaving Las Vegas
Just as quietly as he arrived, Howard Hughes departed Las Vegas through a fire escape on Thanksgiving Day in 1970 having never met with anyone outside his inner circle or left the Desert Inn.
Some people at the time blamed a palace coup for causing Hughes to leave; a bitter fight over management of the recluse between his “alter ego” Robert Mahu and the men who were with Howard inside his 9th-floor suite.